There might be things in the oil and gas industry that change as the years go by, for example, the materials used in making pipes and other accessories or the techniques used in placing pipelines where they are needed.
But when it comes to the essential components required for transferring gas and oil from one location to the other, you still need pipelines and fittings to make the connection. Although the materials used for these components will depend on the project, the type of pipe fittings you will need to purchase can vary.
Let’s consider four different pipe fittings and what they are used for.
Pipe Fittings You May Need on Your Project
While many pipe fittings are used to connect pipelines, you may need these four main pipe fittings on your project.
Bell Nipple Pipe Fittings
A bell nipple is an enlarged pipe attached to the top of a casing string, and its purpose is mainly as a funnel to guide drilling tools into the top of a well. In most cases, they are fitted with a side outlet that allows drilling fluids to flow back up.
Reducer Pipe Fittings
On some projects, it’s often necessary to connect two or more pipes of different diameters. To accomplish this task, you may need some reducer pipe fittings. Some of the reasons this is necessary include:
- To meet hydraulic flow requirements of the system
- To adapt to piping that already exists but is a different size
You will have to calculate the average of the larger and smaller pipe diameters to know what length of reduction will be required.
It’s no surprise that it would be tough to make one single pipe to cover the entire distance your oil or gas has to travel. Couplings are short lengths of pipe or tube with a socket at one or both ends to connect two pipes to be joined, welded (steel), brazed, or soldered together.
Using couplings will give you more control of the pipeline you’re creating and make it easier to perform repairs if any damage occurs to your pipeline.
Getting from point A to point B isn’t always a straight shot, and that’s where elbow pipe fittings come into play. These elbow fittings are usually found in angles of 45 degrees or 90 degrees; however, custom-designed elbows can also be created. These handy pipe fittings will allow you to direct your pipeline in the necessary direction for your project.